Stop the Trojan treaty – Brussels 04/02/15 Friends of the Earth Europe/Lode Saidane under a Creative Commons Licence
In May 2014, a ship with 600,000 barrels of tar sands bitumen from northern Alberta arrived at the Repsol refinery in Bilbao, Spain. It was the first shipment of tar sands crude to arrive in Europe. While that is distressing, the Natural Resources Defense Council has projected that Europe could be receiving 700,000 barrels of tar sands bitumen a day by 2020.
That's in part because of anticipated pipeline capacity and because the Canadian government lobbied heavily against the European Fuel Quality Directive, a modest climate measure that required fuel suppliers to reduce CO2 emissions in the transport sector by 6 per cent by 2020. Part of the plan was to assign specific carbon intensities to different types of oil, with tar sands and fracked oil obviously having higher values.