The Council of Canadians and Food & Water Watch are sounding the alarm over TransCanada’s speculation that the Keystone Pipeline could potentially be used for bulk water removals from the Ogallala aquifer.
TransCanada pipelines operations director Jim Krause testified at the Nebraska state assembly earlier this year that the proposed Keystone XL Pipeline could be used in the future to mine or transport water, potentially from the Ogallala aquifer. Krause is quoted as testifying that, if approved, the pipeline would only be decommissioned “if the pipeline is not needed for oil somewhere down the road and there is no other use for any other product to go through that pipe, let's say gasoline, or maybe by that time in the future, water” [emphasis added].
The Council of Canadians and Food & Water Watch say this adds to a growing list of concerns regarding the pipeline project, which threatens to contaminate the Ogallala – one of the world’s largest supplies of freshwater.
“This revelation further confirms the need for the Keystone Pipeline to be stopped,” says Maude Barlow, chairperson of the Council of Canadians and Food & Water Watch. “TransCanada is showing us just how deeply interconnected the water and climate crises are by trying to dramatically expand the tar sands, the fastest growing source of climate change pollution in Canada, while seeking to profit from water shortages caused by climate change.”
“It’s widely recognized that the Ogallala, which serves as the breadbasket of the U.S., is already in dire straits. The fact that pipeline proponents are already considering using the Keystone pipeline for water proves just how irresponsible this project is in its entirety,” says Wenonah Hauter, Executive Director of Food & Water Watch.
The US Department of Agriculture (USDA) has noted that it is not a question of if, but when, the Ogallala aquifer will run dry. David Brauer from the Ogallala Research Service – a branch of the USDA - has been quoted in media reports that “The Ogallala supply is going to run out and the Plains will become uneconomical to farm. That is beyond reasonable argument. Our goal now is to engineer a soft landing. That's all we can do.”
Barlow will represent the Council and Food & Water Watch in Washington, DC at the end of the month to support what is being called the largest collective act of civil disobedience in the history of the climate change movement. Over 2000 people have committed to participate in a daily series of peaceful protests from August 20 to Sept 3rd, which for some participants will involve risking arrest, aimed at discouraging President Obama from approving the Keystone pipeline.
Excerpt from TransCanada testimony on page 87 of the hearing transcript
JIM KRAUSE: Sure. It's an excellent question and it has come up a few times here. There will be some testimony later that will cover that in detail, but, again, my background and knowledge of this is we're required through a permitting process through PHMSA, the Department of Transportation, we are held liable for reclamation and restoration of any abandoned pipeline. In technical terms, what that would mean, if the pipeline is not needed for oil somewhere down the road and there is no other use for any other product to go through that pipe, let's say gasoline, or maybe by that time in the future, water, then the pipeline needs to be...follow very stringent processes to be taken out of service. Cleaning pigs squeal down the pipeline and remove whatever oil is in the pipe. And then further pigs goes down and clean whatever residue is in there. And then, essentially, the pipe is closed at each end and the inert gas, such as nitrogen, is put into the pipe. The cathodic protection systems on the pipe continue to have the function, by law, to ensure the pipe doesn't corrode. And the nitrogen inside makes sure there's no internal corrosion taking place as well. [LB340 LB578 LB629]
The full hearing transcript is available at: http://www.legislature.ne.gov/FloorDocs/Current/PDF/Transcripts/Natural/2011-02-09.pdf