The problems with Canada’s first-past-the-post electoral system came into sharper focus following the federal election. Prime Minister Justin Trudeau can’t ignore the issue any longer.
Fair Vote Canada, our electoral reform partner, says the October 21 election results make the country look much more divided than it really is.
The current first-past-the-post electoral system does not provide equal weight to each vote. This time, Liberals benefitted the most, getting 157 seats with only 33.1% of the popular vote. That works out to 47% of the available seats with less than one-third of a vote. The Conservatives earned slightly more of the popular vote (34.4%), but have 121 seats in the House of Commons.
The Bloc Québécois earned the biggest disproportion – 32 seats with only 7.7% of the popular vote. The NDP got more than double the amount of votes as the Bloc (15.9%), but came away with 8 fewer seats.