Despite fierce community resistance, Enbridge began reversing the “Line 9” 300,000 barrel-a-day pipeline in 2011 and began pumping crude oil from Sarnia, Ontario to Montreal, Quebec in December 2015. Line 9 passes through 99 towns and cities and 14 Indigenous communities in Ontario and Quebec and endangers critical waterways, amongst other critical concerns.
Richard Kuprewicz, a pipeline safety expert with over 40 years of experience in the energy sector, has stated that there is a very high probability – as high as 90 per cent – of Line 9 rupturing in the first five years of operation. This is due to the large number of fractures in the aging pipeline and the fact that Line 9 will carry various different kinds of crude – including diluted bitumen – which adds additional stresses to the pipeline.
The Council of Canadians has grave concerns about the likelihood of Line 9 rupturing and the consequences of a diluted bitumen spill in the heart of the Great Lakes region. Council of Canadians chapters in London, Hamilton, Guelph, Peel, Toronto, Peterborough and Northumberland have taken a number of direct actions opposing the operation of Line 9.