US-based petroleum refiner Calumet Specialty Products Partners is considering building a loading dock on the western tip of Lake Superior, near its Superior, Wisconsin refinery, to ship heavy Canadian and light Bakken crude oil on the Great Lakes by 2015. The barges that would be loaded at this dock would have the capacity to ship up to 13 million barrels of oil per year to Midwest refineries and places beyond. It has been noted that Enbridge’s Line 67/ Alberta Clipper pipeline is essential to this plan. Enbridge is currently seeking to increase the capacity of this 1600-kilometre pipeline from Hardisty, Alberta to Superior, Wisconsin to 800,000 barrels a day.
This map gives an idea of what this infrastructure could look like in Superior.
I’ve written 3-4 blogs on this that can be accessed here.